Latest modified blog articles

How to use the SUMIFS function

The SUMIFS function in cell D11 adds numbers from column D based on criteria applied to column B and C. […]

How to use the MIN function

The MIN function allows you to retrieve the smallest number in a cell range. The formula in cell D3 extracts […]

How to use the MAX function

The MAX function calculates the largest number in a cell range. The formula in cell D3 extracts the highest number […]

How to use the CHOOSE function

The CHOOSE function lets you get a value based on a number, the number determines which value to get. The […]

Highlight empty cells

Table of Contents Highlight empty cells Explaining CF formula How to apply conditional formatting Formulas returning nothing Cells with hidden […]

INDEX and MATCH – multiple criteria and multiple results

This article demonstrates how to use INDEX and MATCH functions to match multiple conditions and return multiple results. The Excel […]

AVERAGE based on criteria

This article demonstrates two formulas that calculate averages, the first formula calculates an average based on criteria, and the second […]

If cell contains multiple values

This article demonstrates formulas that perform a partial match for a given cell using multiple strings specified in cells F2 […]

SMALL function – INDEX MATCH

This article demonstrates how to extract multiple numbers based on a condition and return a sorted list from small to […]

How to ignore zeros using the SMALL function

This article shows how to create a formula that sorts numbers from small to large excluding zeros. I will also […]

SMALL function – multiple conditions

This article demonstrates how to sort numbers from small to large using a condition or criteria, I will show how […]

AVERAGE ignore NA()

The AVERAGE function ignores empty cells, text values, and boolean values automatically, however, it doesn't handle error values. The AVERAGE […]

SMALL function for text

This article demonstrates a formula that sorts text values based on character length, the Excel 365 dynamic array formula is […]

How to use the AVERAGE function

Calculates the average of numbers in a cell range. In other words, the sum of a group of numbers and […]

How to extract numbers from a cell value

The following array formula, demonstrated in cell C3, extracts all numbers from a cell value: =TEXTJOIN(, 1, TEXT(MID(B3, ROW(\$A\$1:INDEX(\$A\$1:\$A\$1000, LEN(B3))), […]

How to AVERAGE time

Table of Contents How to AVERAGE time How to enter an array formula Explaining formula How to AVERAGE time hh […]

AVERAGE ignore blanks

Table of Contents AVERAGE ignore blanks Average - ignore blanks and errors Average - ignore blanks in non-contiguous cells Average […]

SUMPRODUCT and nested IF functions

I have demonstrated in a previous post how to simplify nested IF functions, in this article I will show you how […]

List all unique distinct rows in a given month

This article demonstrates a formula that extracts unique distinct records/rows for a given month specified in cell C2, see the […]

How to use the UNIQUE function

The UNIQUE function is a very versatile Excel function, it lets you extract both unique and unique distinct values and […]

Filter unique distinct values based on a date range

Table of Contents Filter unique distinct values based on a date range How to enter an array formula Filter unique […]

SMALL function ignore duplicates

SUMPRODUCT if not blank

How to use the SUMPRODUCT function

The SUMPRODUCT function calculates the product of corresponding values and then returns the sum of each multiplication.

SUMPRODUCT and IF function

You don't need to use the IF function in a SUMPRODUCT function, it is enough to use a logical expression. […]

SUMPRODUCT – multiple criteria

Excel formula not working

This article explains why your formula is not working properly, there are usually four different things that can go wrong. […]

Partial match for multiple strings – AND logic

This article demonstrates formulas that let you perform partial matches based on multiple strings and return those strings if all […]

Unique distinct records sorted based on count or frequency

This article demonstrates how to sort a table based on count meaning the formula counts each record and returns a […]

Find earliest and latest overlapping dates in a set of date ranges based on a condition

This article explains how to create a formula that returns the earliest (smallest) and the latest (largest) date of overlapping […]

Find empty dates in a set of date ranges

The formula in cell B8, shown above, extracts dates not included in the specified date ranges, in other words, dates […]

How to sum overlapping time

The worksheet above shows four different time ranges in column B and C, the formula in cell C10 counts the […]

Partial match based on two conditions

Question: I want to search two columns with two search strings? The strings can be anywhere in these two columns […]

Perform multiple partial matches and return records – AND logic

Question: Can expand this equation set into more than two colums of data, say if I had a first, middle […]

Partial match and return multiple adjacent values

This article demonstrates array formulas that search for cell values containing a search string and returns corresponding values on the […]

Partial match values and return value with highest level

This article demonstrates a formula that searches a cell (partial match) based on values in a table and returns a […]

INDEX MATCH with multiple criteria

This article demonstrates formulas that let you perform lookups using two or more conditions. The image above shows two conditions […]

Get the smallest number larger than a given number

This article demonstrates how to extract the smallest number larger than a condition and the largest number smaller than a […]

Match a range value containing both text and numerical characters

This article demonstrates how to match a value containing both text and digits to ranges. The search value is specified […]

How to quickly find the maximum or minimum value [Formula]

Match two columns

This article demonstrates formulas that match two conditions in a column each and return another value on the same row […]

INDEX MATCH – Case sensitive

The picture above demonstrates a formula in cell F3 that allows you to look up a value in column B […]

How to use the MODE function

The MODE function calculates the most frequent number in a cell range. Number 4 exists 3 times on picture above […]

Sort text cells alphabetically from two columns

Table of Contents Sort text from two columns combined (array formula) How to create an array formula How to copy […]

Sort column based on frequency

This article demonstrates a formula that sorts cell values by their frequency, in other words, how many times a value […]

INDEX MATCH – multiple results

This article demonstrates how to use INDEX and MATCH functions to lookup and return multiple results. The lookup value is […]

Compare two columns and highlight differences

This article demonstrates a conditional formatting formula that will highlight the differences between two columns. The image above shows two […]

If cell equals value from list

This article demonstrates formulas that check if a cell value is equal to any value in a given list. Table […]

How to use the COUNTIF function

Counts the number of cells that meet a specific condition.

How to use the EXACT function

The EXACT function allows you to check if two values are precisely the same, it returns TRUE or FALSE. The […]

How to use the MATCH function

Identify the position of a value in an array.

How to use the STOCKHISTORY function

The STOCKHISTORY function lets you get stock prices based on a stock quote. It is in the Lookup and reference […]

List permutations no repetition [UDF]

This blog post describes how to create permutations, repetition is NOT allowed. Permutations are items arranged in a given order meaning […]

How to use the SUBTOTAL function

The picture above shows row 4 and row 8 hidden, the SUM argument 9 sums all values in C3:C11 whereas […]

How to use the SEQUENCE function

The SEQUENCE function creates a list of sequential numbers to a cell range or array. It is located in the […]

How to use the FILTER function

The FILTER function lets you extract values/rows based on a condition or criteria. It is in the Lookup and reference category […]

IF with OR function

Partial match with two conditions and return multiple results

This article demonstrates a formula that extracts a row or record from a data table using two strings as criteria. […]

Sum numbers between two dates

The formula in cell C15 uses two dates two to filter and then sum values in column C, the SUMIFS […]

How to use the OR function

The OR function allows you to carry out a logical test in each argument and if at least one argument returns […]

If cell contains text

This article demonstrates different formulas based on if a cell contains a given text. Formula in cell C3: =B3=\$E\$3 The […]

How to use the AND function

The image above demonstrates the AND function with two logical expressions. If the value in column B is equal to […]

IF function with AND function – multiple conditions

The AND function allows you to have multiple conditions in an IF function, you can have up to 254 arguments. […]

How to use the YEAR function

The YEAR function converts a date to a number representing the year in the date. The number is between 1900 […]

How to use the DATE function

The DATE function returns a number that acts as a date in the Excel environment. The image above shows you […]

How to simplify nested IF functions

Nested IF statements in a formula are multiple combined IF functions so more conditions and outcomes become possible. They all are […]

How to use the HYPERLINK function

The HYPERLINK function allows you to build a link in a cell pointing to something else like a file, workbook, […]

Create links to all sheets in a workbook programmatically

The macro demonstrated above creates hyperlinks to all worksheets in the current worksheet.  You will then be able to quickly […]

How to use the TEXT function

This article demonstrates how to use the TEXT function in great detail. The formula in cell D3 formats the number […]

Create new worksheets programmatically based on values in a cell range [VBA]

This article demonstrates a macro that inserts new worksheets based on names in a cell range. The cell range may […]

5 easy ways to extract Unique Distinct Values

First, let me explain the difference between unique values and unique distinct values, it is important you know the difference […]

Match two criteria and return multiple records

This article demonstrates how to extract records/rows based on two conditions applied to two different columns, you can easily extend […]

How to use the INDEX function

Gets a value in a specific cell range based on a row and column number.

Use IF + COUNTIF to evaluate multiple conditions

The image above demonstrates a formula that matches a value to multiple conditions, if the condition is met the formula […]

Extract a unique distinct list and ignore blanks

How to use the FREQUENCY function

Returns how many times values exist in a given range. Note, this function returns an array of values.

If cell contains text from list

This article demonstrates several ways to check if a cell contains any value based on a list. The first example […]

Search for a text string in a data set and return multiple records

This article explains different techniques that filter rows/records that contain a given text string in any of the cell values […]

Formula for matching a date within a date range

This article demonstrates how to match a specified date to date ranges. The image above shows a formula in cell […]

How to use the SUMIF function

The SUMIF function sums values based on a condition. The condition can be applied to the values being summed or […]

Find latest date based on a condition

This article demonstrates how to return the latest date based on a condition using formulas or a Pivot Table. The […]

How to do tiered calculations in one formula

The image above demonstrates a formula that calculates tiered values based on a tier table and returns a total. This […]

Distribute values across numerical ranges

This article demonstrates how to distribute values into specific ranges with possible overlapping ranges. I have written articles about filter […]

Lookup and return multiple values concatenated into one cell

This article demonstrates how to find a value in a column and concatenate corresponding values on the same row. The […]

How to create running totals

This article demonstrates a formula that calculates a running total. A running total is a sum that adds new numbers […]

How to use the COUNTIF function to count not blank cells

The COUNTIF function is very capable of counting non-empty values, I will show you how in this article. Excel can […]

Find empty cells and sum cells above

This article demonstrates how to find empty cells and populate them automatically with a formula that adds numbers above and […]

Rearrange values using formulas

The picture above shows data presented in only one column (column B), this happens sometimes when you get an undesired […]

Opening a workbook runs a macro automatically

This article explains how to set up a workbook so a macro is run every time you open the workbook. […]

Run a Macro from a Drop Down list [VBA]

This article demonstrates how to run a VBA macro using a Drop Down list. The Drop Down list contains two […]

How to use the XMATCH function

This article demonstrates the XMATCH function introduced in Excel 365. The XMATCH function is an enhanced version of the MATCH […]

How to use the LET function

How to extract a case sensitive unique list from a column

This article demonstrates a formula that extracts unique values from a column also considering upper and lower characters (case sensitive). […]

Sort and return unique distinct single digits from cell range

This article demonstrates a formula that filters unique distinct single digits from a cell range containing numbers. Cell range B3:B6 […]

Count unique distinct values based on a condition

This article demonstrates how to construct a formula that counts unique distinct values based on a condition. The image above […]

Lookup based on a date range and a condition return multiple values

This article demonstrates a formula that extracts values from a column based on a date range criteria and another condition. […]

Extract a list of alphabetically sorted duplicates based on a condition

The following image shows you a data set in columns B and C. The formula in cell E2 extracts a […]

How to use the SEARCH function

Returns a number representing the position a substring is, if found in a textstring. FIND is case sensitive and SEARCH is not.

Filter duplicate values using criteria